Cognition Strategies and Technology

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages
Written by Gary Norman

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages

 

 

This article focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of Instructional Technology for commercial entities, adult and or in the workplace. The effectiveness of Instructional Technology is open to ongoing research and findings; this is just a snapshot of several sources with general evidence as to the effects.

Furthermore, here are three problems and three advantages in Instructional Technology, highlighting issues such as, spoken words, stress, moving from standard classroom learning to blended learning, expansive tools such as social (private) networks, and quality media material. Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages Snapshot.

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages

 

The effectiveness of Instructional technology has several problems and one is the use of spoken words to replace or supplement the visual text, which can lead to cognitive load related factors. Kalya in 2012 found “spoken verbal information is an important component of traditional instruction.” However, there could be a “cognitive load cost involved in this trend, as spoken words can have both benefits and disadvantages based on essential characteristics of our cognitive architecture.”

Furthermore, they “provided some guidance in optimizing audiovisual presentations.”

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages

Another general issue is how stress has an adverse effect on learning. Jung, Kudo, Choi, Sook-Kyoung in 2017, found “learning can also incur unnecessary or excessive stress with a resultant adverse effect on the learning.” Furthermore, the investigated “online collaborative learning as perceived by 226 Japanese university students using English in their online interactions, and to investigate the relationship between the learners’ perceptions and these stress factors.”

Furthermore, Jung, Choi, Sook- Kyoung’s findings found in using old classroom methods. Looking to move from traditional classroom learning to distance learning altered with blended learning. Dwaik, Jweiless, Shrouf, Salah in 2016, found “E-learning is not absolutely optimal without flaws. Some educators had explored the e-learning approaches in depth and concluded that it suffers from a number of disadvantages and drawbacks.”

Furthermore, finding that the “emergence of the blended learning approach (BLA) which blends different forms of traditional learning with various varieties of E-learning.” With a claimed result of an “increased the effectiveness of the teaching-learning situation.”

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages

A variety of general advantages found or implied through Effective Instructional technology were highlighted in tool expansion, spoken text replacing or supplementing written or on-screen text. Dwaik, Jweiless, Shrouf, in 2016, found “The advancements of computer technology and the advent of the Internet in the late 20th century had given e-learning the impetus to expand its tools and methods in communication and delivery.”

Furthermore, adding to tools was spoken text. Kalyuga in 2016, found “with the development of modern educational technology tools, spoken text more often replaces or supplements written or on-screen textual representations. However, there could be a cognitive load cost.

Another advantage research examined social (private) networks through individual and in group collaboration. As well as the production of quality media material. CANBEK and HARGIS in 2015, found “was to accelerate the opportunities for educational innovations through social networks in which educators and learners are able to engage in a two-way interaction both individually and in groups, collaboratively.” Furthermore, Chen and Siau in 2016, found that “learning environments interact with instructional strategies to affect the learners’ perception of learning and satisfaction.”

 

As well as the “new generation of college students prefer to interact with others using technology.” Furthermore, GHILAY and GHILAY in 2015, found “there is a significant worthiness to add screencast technology to computer courses provided that the entire course is fully covered with relevant video clips, and they are pedagogically and technically of high-quality.”

In a separate study in the medical field Forbes, Oprescu, Downer, Phillips, McTier, Lord, Barr, Alla, Bright, Dayton, Simbag, and Visser in 2016, found quality video material “the use of videos seems to be a promising, relevant, and increasingly used instructional strategy that could enhance the quality of clinical skills education.”

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages

In summary, this list is not exhaustive and provides a general review from several sources examining advantages and disadvantages from several countries in the search for effectiveness in Instructional Technology. Furthermore, identifying disadvantages and adapting to correct the situation is a goal for educators and business entities.

Furthermore, the tools change, the students change, the methods change to adapt to the institutional needs of the day. Further research into this subject will be ongoing as we educate and train today for tomorrow’s jobs.

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages

References

CANBEK, Nil GÖK S E L, & HARGIS, J. (2015). Is learning effective with social networks? let’s investigate! International Journal on New Trends in Education & their Implications (IJONTE), 6(3), 206.

Chen, X., & Siau, K. (2016). Technology-mediated synchronous virtual education: An empirical study. Journal of Database Management, 27(4), 39.

Dwaik, R., Jweiless, A., & Shrouf, S. (2016). Using blended learning to enhance student learning in American literature courses. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology – TOJET, 15(2), 126-137.

Forbes, H., Oprescu, F. I., Downer, T., Phillips, N. M., McTier, L., Lord, B., . . . Visser, I. (2016). Review: Use of videos to support teaching and learning of clinical skills in nursing education: A review. Nurse Education Today, 42, 53-56. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2016.04.010

GHILAY, Y., & GHILAY, R. (2015). Computer courses in higher-education: Improving learning by screencast technology. Journal of Educational Technology, 11(4), 15.

Jung, I., Kudo, M., & Choi, S. (2012). Stress in Japanese learners engaged in online collaborative learning in English. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43(6), 1016-1029. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2011.01271.x

Kalyuga, S. (2012a). Review: Instructional benefits of spoken words: A review of cognitive load factors. Educational Research Review, 7, 145-159. doi:10.1016/j.edurev.2011.12.002

Instructional Technology Advantages and Disadvantages

About the author

Gary Norman

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